Tadoba National Park is one of the oldest national parks in the state of Maharashtra, widely known as Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR). Its well known for its Tiger Safari and is one of the largest national parks in India.
The total area of Tadoba Tiger reserve is 1727 sq. km and it was established in the year 1955. Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in the year 1986 and was later merged into TATR in the year 1995
Brief History – Tadoba Tiger Reserve
If we see how the word “Tadoba” is derived, then it’s taken from the word “Taru” who was a mythological god. He is still worshiped by the tribal people living in that area. The word “Andhari” is derived from the Andhari river which flows through the forest.
There is a legend attached to reserve which goes like that there was a famous encounter between the village chief Taru and one of the tiger, where Taru fought with valor and gained victory over the tiger. Hence a shrine is dedicated to Lord Taru in remembrance to that encounter. The God exists beneath a huge tree which is located on the banks of Tadoba Lake. This temple is still quite famous among the existing Adivasis and they also celebrate it with a fair every year during December and January.
The Tiger Land – Tadoba National Park
As per the recent reports, there are 312 Tigers in Maharashtra and as many as 90-100 in Taboada Tiger Reserve. There are 55-60 tigers in the forest immediately outside the reserve. Hence this is considered one of the best places to spot tigers near Nagpur with huge tiger density and a better tiger sighting index.
Best Time to visit Tadoba
The best time to visit Tadoba is between January to April when the climate is not too hot as it becomes hotter during May and June. However, the best time to spot Tiger in Tadoba is between March to June when is the breeding month for these tigers. You may spot tigresses with cubs relaxing outside in the sun and near water bodies.
Flora and Fauna of The Tiger Reserve
The reserve is a thickly forested slope in north and western limits. Toward the southwest, Tadoba lake goes about as a support between the recreation center’s woodland and farmland. The lake is loaded with Muggar crocodiles and stretch out till Irai water supply.
The reserve covers Chimur Hills and Andhari covers Moharli and Losa ranges. The reserve is limited on north and west by thickly forested slopes. There are different bluffs, bone and surrenders which are home to the creatures of the reserve. South piece of the reserve is less uneven.
You can discover bunches of Teak as a most populated tree group. Other vegetation of the place incorporates crocodile bark, bija, dhauda, hald, salai, semal, tendu, beheda, hirda, karaya gum, and mahua madhuca.
Pivotwood and palas add dynamic shading to the timberland. Additionally, one could experience enormous Arjun trees at the waterhole at Panchadhara. Patches of grasses and bamboo shrubberies are developed all through the reserve.
While considering the tenants of the woods one can recognize the cornerstone species Bengal Tigers with different warm blooded animals like Indian Panthers, Sloth Bears, Gaur, Nilgai, Dhole, Striped Hyena, Little Indian Civet, wilderness felines, Sambar, Woofing Deer, Chital, Chausingha and Honey Badger.
Reptiles include Indian Python, Indian Cobra and Russel’s snake. One can visit the lake to experience wide assortment of winged animals and raptors. There are upwards of 195 species recorded around there including the dark headed fish falcon, peaked serpent bird, alterable sell hawk.
Likewise, we can spot 74 types of butterflies and other fascinating species which incorporates orange headed thrush, Indian pitta, peaked treeswift, stone curlew, peaked nectar vulture, heaven flycatcher, bronze winged jacana and lesser brilliant upheld woodpecker.
Review species incorporates Danaid eggfly, Incredible eggfly, Dragonflies, Stick bugs and supplicating mantis. Arachnids like mark insect, Monster wood creepy crawly, Red Wood bug, Wolf bugs, Crab bugs and Lynx bugs are basic in the region.
Tourist Information – Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
The reserve is open from 15th October to 30th June every year consistently and remains totally shut on each Tuesday. Individuals frequently visit this place for wilderness or tiger safaris in open best rovers. Individuals additionally get a kick out of the chance to see modest sloth bear and wild mutts in this reserve. Timid Bear is outstanding amongst other local forest species in this woodland.
The Tadoba National Park has three regions known as Tadoba North Range, Kolas South Range, and Morhuli Range. For the most part, there are two lakes and one waterway in the reserve to be specific Tadoba Lake, Kolsa Lake, and Tadoba River which gives essential fixings to the reserve’s wildlife.
TATR have numerous section entryways, some open to center territories and other open to cushion zones. For center zones, you should enter from Moharli, Kolara and Navegaon and for cushion territories you can utilize Agarzari, Dewada and Junona. Even though this does not imply that you will miss something on the off chance that you enter cushion zone. A great many people have recorded their stunned locating in cushion zones as it were.
A portion of the critical locating focuses on water bodies are Telia and Jamunjhora, Jamni Pond, Pandarpouni.
The woods are some thick backwoods and 60% of vegetation is bamboo trees. The principal street is a metal street which differentiates into limit wilderness streets. There is one path framework in activity thus if by chance you or your guide errs then you may miss a vital tiger locating as it requires a significant stretch of time to come back to the last point.
Do’s and Don’ts of having an awesome experience with safari
The best tiger sighting can be done in summers however you may have to deal with the scorching sun. In winters the animals are usually hibernating in their caves and are hard to see around.
The safaris are scheduled at two times a day, morning between 6:30 to 10:30 and in the evening between 2:00 pm to 5:30 pm. Mornings are usually cold, but it’s better rather than dealing with the scorching sun during midsummers.
Always pre-book your safari as the instant booking is subject to availability.
It’s compulsory to take your ID cards with you, also if possible printout your tickets beforehand.
It’s advised that you wear full sleeve shirts and full-length trousers to avoid any insect bites in the forest.
One must carry with them a hat, jacket, and dust mask with them to deal with sun, cold and blowing dust due to racing jeeps. Also, it’s good to carry a good point and shoot camera.
Though the main attraction of the safari is Tiger sighting but, you must not forget to enjoy other vegetation of the reserve. There is a lot more to explore.
There is mostly jungle and you may not find anything to eat during your safari hence its advised to carry some food and water along with you. It takes a good four to five hours in a single round of safari and you might feel the thirst and hunger.
Travel and Staying Information
There is MTDC at Moharli and you may even find private hotels and resorts in the vicinity. There is also forest development corporation’s campsites however one need to pre-book their stay. The best time to visit is February to April, the rest of summer is usually too hot to spend five hours in the scorching sun.
The nearest airport is Nagpur which is 140 km from the reserve. The nearest bus stand is Chandrapur which is 25 km from Moharli. and nearest railway stations are Chandrapur and Wardha.
Other things to enjoy in the area apart from the tiger and vegetation of the reserve are sweets of this region which includes orange burfi and khoya jalebis. Also, a good grade of fruits like oranges, mangoes can be bought.
Tadoba is one of the largest and finest Tiger Reserves of the country. The success of protection and conservation of Tigers have established a good amount of this endangered spicy in the forest. The Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve could boast a healthy forest due which it has sustained and grown since inception.
Inside the forest, there are still people residing and farming in a small village. When questioned, they say they don’t feel the danger and are residing in the area safely since long. With wildlife, you may even encounter women and children in the forest, and farmers driving their tractors. Though, listening to this, please don’t dare to step out of your jeeps in danger zones and listen and follow all the safety techniques as explained by your guide and jeep driver.