Wildlife in India – Wildlife species information and facts

Wildlife in India

India is the land of National Parks and Tiger Reserves. Collectively India has 870 Protected Areas, Including National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Elephant Reserves, and other Conservation and Community Reserves.

Tiger Reserves are generally constituted by joining National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries so Tiger Reserves are not counted directly in the Protected Areas of India.

All these protected areas cover more than 1,65,000 sq km which is approximately 5% of the whole country’s area.

Protected AreaNumbersArea Covered Sq.Km
National Parks10440,501.3
Wildlife Sanctuaries5511,18,931.8
Conservation Reserves882,594..3
Community Reserves127525.22

With so much protected area, India is an amazing country for wildlife, wildlife lovers and photographers. Also, India is home to a wide range of mammals, birds, reptiles, various species of herbs and plants holding medicinal importance and most importantly the top predators in the food chain “The Big Cats”.

India hosts the 3 prime big cats of the Felidae family, they are Tiger, Lions, and Leopards. Along with these big cats, there are many medium-sized wild cats roam in Indian Jungle and can be spotted in India forest.

Top Big Cats of India

  1. Asiatic Lion
  2. Royal Bengal Tiger
  3. Indian Leopard
  4. Black Panther

Medium-sized Wild Cats of India

  • Clouded Leopard
  • Snow Leopard
  • Jungle Cat
  • Caracle
  • Marbled Cat
  • Leopard Cat
  • Lynx
  • Golden Cat
  • Indian Civet

Big Five of India

Like Big Five in Africa, India also host Big Five and they are:

  1. Asiatic Lion
  2. Royal Bengal Tiger
  3. One Horned Rhinoceros
  4. Indian Elephant
  5. Wild Water Buffalo

Other wildlife in India

If we talk about other important mammals/animals, India is also the top adobe for One-Horned Rhino, Asian Elephants, Wild Water Asian Buffalo, Sloth Bear, Indian Guar / Bison, Sambar Deer, Hangul, Himalayan Wolf, Lion Tailed Macaque, Barasingha, Bengal Fox, Golden Fox, Striped Hyena, Honey Badger and many more. India is home to a variety of Wildlife, Flora & Fauna including many endangered & critically endangered wild species

Reptiles in India

India also has a wide range of Reptiles ranging from a Garden Lizard to King Kobra and Monitor Lizards. India hosts more than 600 species of Reptile and some of them are very rare to spot and marked critically endangered in the IUCN List

List of Reptiles in India

  1. King Cobra
  2. Marsh Crocodile
  3. Saltwater Crocodile
  4. Gharial
  5. Bengal Monitor Lizard
  6. Monitor Lizard
  7. Water Monitor
  8. Indian Cobra
  9. Common Krait
  10. Russell’s Viper
  11. Rock Python
  12. Indian softshell Turtle
  13. Olive Ridley Sea Turtle
  14. Indian Star Tortoise
  15. Indian Chameleon

Birds of India

There are more than 1300 types of Birds native to India and a wide range of Migratory birds that visit India every year. Right from the Himalayas to the western ghats and from Great Rann of Kutch to the North-East states of seven sisters, the skies of India see a variety of feathers.

Types of birds in India can be further classified into two categories. Native Indian Birds and Migratory Birds. Native Indian Birds are the type of birds residing permanently in India, Where are migratory birds are the birds of other continents who visit India during their migration from one continent to another every year.

Bor Wildlife Sanctuary near Nagpur
Birds of India

Top Indian Birds (Native)

  1. Great Hornbill
  2. Great Indian Bustard
  3. Black Head Stork
  4. Peacock
  5. Painted Stork
  6. Sarus Crane
  7. Spot Billed Pelican
  8. Snow Goose
  9. Red Junglefowl
  10. Greater Erget
  11. Indian Pitta
  12. Indian Robin
  13. Indian Vulture
  14. Paradise Flycatcher
  15. White Throated Kingfisher

Top Migratory Birds in India

  1. Greater Flamingos
  2. Siberian Crane
  3. Amur Falcon
  4. Demoiselle Crane
  5. Northern Shoveler

Flora of India

India holds a record of hosting around 6-7% of the total plant species of the world. There are more than 50000 species of plants in India and many of them are very useful and hold very important medicinal values. Because of the wide range of climate, topologies and habitat India is heaven for the medicinal plants and herbs.

If we talk about Trees, still India has a huge variety of Trees ranging from trees found in High Altitude to the tropical rainforest trees in the Western Ghats of India.

The major flora species of India

  1. Sal Tree
  2. Teakwood
  3. Neem tree
  4. Babool Tree
  5. Sacred Fig
  6. Ashoka Tree
  7. Deodar Cedar
  8. Giant Calotropis
  9. Pongame Oil Tree
  10. Indian SandalWood
  11. Date Palm
  12. Banyan
  13. Java Plum
  14. Aleo vera
  15. Basil

India’s biggest advantage of hosting so many wild species of mammals, plants and other animals is India’s climate and it’s the weather. The diverse range of climatic conditions in India makes it favorable for most of the wild species, various types of birds, migratory birds, reptiles, plants & trees to flourish.